Category Archives: Terminology

Terminologies of Qur’an, Sufis or Arabic grammar

Mu’min vs. Muslim


49:14 THE BEDOUIN say, “We have attained to faith (Mu’min).” Say [unto them, O Muhammad]: “You have not [yet] attained to faith (not Mu’min); you should [rather] say, ‘We have [outwardly] surrendered (Muslim)’ – for [true] faith has not yet entered your hearts…

قَالَتِ الْأَعْرَابُ آمَنَّا قُل لَّمْ تُؤْمِنُوا وَلَكِن قُولُوا أَسْلَمْنَا وَلَمَّا يَدْخُلِ الْإِيمَانُ فِي قُلُوبِكُمْ وَإِن تُطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ لَا يَلِتْكُم مِّنْ أَعْمَالِكُمْ شَيْئًا إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

The words Muslim and Mu’min are differentiated in Qur’an and by the Prophet’s sayings, these are different people with different definitions and virtues, different ranks:

33:35 VERILY, for all men and women who have sur­rendered themselves unto God (Muslims), and all believing men and believing women (Mu’min)…

إِنَّ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَالْمُسْلِمَاتِ وَالْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ وَالْقَانِتِينَ وَالْقَانِتَاتِ وَالصَّادِقِينَ وَالصَّادِقَاتِ وَالصَّابِرِينَ وَالصَّابِرَاتِ وَالْخَاشِعِينَ وَالْخَاشِعَاتِ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقِينَ وَالْمُتَصَدِّقَاتِ وَالصَّائِمِينَ وَالصَّائِمَاتِ وَالْحَافِظِينَ فُرُوجَهُمْ وَالْحَافِظَاتِ وَالذَّاكِرِينَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا وَالذَّاكِرَاتِ أَعَدَّ اللَّهُ لَهُم مَّغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا


Muslim is whom other Muslims are at peace with his tongue and his hand (deeds), and Mu’min (Safe Trustworthy) is whom all people’s blood and belongings  are safe from, said the Prophet.
الجامع الصغير. – لجلال الدين السيوطي
المجلد السادس >> فصل: في المحلى بأل من حرف الميم

المسلم من سلم المسلمون من لسانه ويده، والمؤمن من أمنه الناس على دمائهم وأموالهم
التخريج (مفصلا): أحمد في مسنده والترمذي والنسائي والحاكم في المستدرك وابن حبان في صحيحه عن أبي هريرة، الطبراني في الكبير عن واثلة
تصحيح السيوطي: صحيح

There are two Darajat (Gradations) of safety provided by the followers of Muhammad peace be upon him, lower level with Muslim and higher with Mu’min (Safe Trustworthy).

Mu’min is a noun derived from the verb Amana or safeguarded or kept safe. Mu’min is a believer in Allah, with him or her people find safety and security for their lives and belongings.

Mu’min is not a man with beard nor a women with head cover.

Muslim is a lower gradation of safety, he or she provides safety for other Muslims from his or her words and his or her dealings e.g. does not use harsh angry language and does not steal or fornicates or usurps.

Q: What are the origins of the word Mu’min?

A: Al-Mu’min is one of the Divine Names and Attributes of Allah i.e. the Giver of Safety.

لسان العرب

المُؤْمِنُ في صفة الله الذي آمَنَ الخلقَ من ظُلْمِه، وقيل: المُؤْمن الذي آمَنَ أَوْلياءَ عذابَه

Mu’min is not the English language equivalent of the word “believer” in Christianity and Judaism, Mu’min means the person who was entrusted to carry certain knowledge i.e. profess the existence of Allah and the beings from the spiritual world; in other words Mu’min is a sanctuary to safekeep such knowledges within his or her own person and safeguard for those around, while keeping the people and their blood and belongings away from his or her reach to usurp.

This form of safety is called Iman, in the language of Qur’an and it has Darajat (Gradations):

Iman has seventy or so branches: The most important the saying “No deity other than Allah” and the least the removal of harmful things from the roads.
الجامع الصغير – لجلال الدين السيوطي
المجلد الثالث >> فصل: في المحلى بأل من حرف الألف

الإيمان بضع وسبعون شعبة: فأفضلها قول لا إله إلا الله، وأدناها إماطة الأذى عن الطريق، والحياء شعبة من الإيمان
التخريج (مفصلا): صحيح مسلم وأبو داود والنسائي وابن ماجة عن أبي هريرة

A Mu’min removing trash and harmful things from the walkways provides a measure of safety for people, and that is a part of his or her Iman as opposed to fetishes turned into religious symbols e.g. beards and scarves.

Almost all commandments in Qur’an are issued to the Mu’min, male or  female, and not to Muslims directly, following a few samples:


Order of Jihad is to the Mu’min not to Muslim:
4:94 [Hence,] O you who have attained to faith (Mu’min), when you go forth [to war] in God’s cause,

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ إِذَا ضَرَبْتُمْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللّهِ

5:35 O YOU who have attained to faith (Mu’min)! Remain conscious of God, and seek to come closer unto Him, and strive hard (Jihad)  in His cause, so that you might attain to a happy state.

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ اتَّقُواْ اللّهَ وَابْتَغُواْ إِلَيهِ الْوَسِيلَةَ وَجَاهِدُواْ فِي سَبِيلِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ

Again keep trustworthy in presence of Allah for the prophets and for the people, not to betray for Allah hates the betrayers:

8:27 [Hence,] O you who have attained to faith (Mu’min), do not be false to God and the Apostle, and do not knowingly be false to the trust that has been reposed in you;

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ لاَ تَخُونُواْ اللّهَ وَالرَّسُولَ وَتَخُونُواْ أَمَانَاتِكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

Any sins might be attributed to  a Mu’min except lying and betraying said the Prophet.

معجم الطبراني الكبير – للإمام الطبراني

باب الظاء >> عبد الله بن مسعود الهذلي >> باب

حدثنا علي بن عبد العزيز ثنا أبو نعيم ثنا سفيان عن منصور عن مالك بن الحارث عن عبد الرحمن بن يزيد عن عبد الله قال كل الخلال يطوي عليها المؤمن إلا الخيانة والكذب


For all these matters the Prophet ordered spread of Salaam (standing phrase: Peace be with you) amongst the Muslims to psychologically condition them to provide safety for other Muslims. Lowest levels of safety at that declaration, but when you read Salaam to someone, you are assuring him that he is safe from your words and your hand. If you cannot provide such measures of safety then stay silent and do not fake this declaration.
زيادة الجامع الصغير، والدرر المنتثرة – للإمام السيوطي
كتاب “زيادة الجامع الصغير”، للسيوطي >> حرف الهمزة

إذا لقي الرجل أخاه المسلم فليقل: السلام عليكم ورحمة الله.
(ت) عن رجل من الصحابة


Tha’lab said: Mu’min is by the heart, Muslim upon the tongue.
لسان العرب

قال ثعلب: المؤمِنُ بالقلب والمُسلِمُ باللسان

Many generations of Muslims come to pass to bear fruits of Iman in unborn Mu’mins, near or far future. People do not become Mu’min overnight, it did not even happen with the Prophet peace be upon him, he worked hard with his people to produce a small nucleus of Mumins (First thirteen years of Makkan period). Nations as a whole might strive hard and long to give birth to a Mu’min.

Mumin subsists solely upon Allah and yearns nothing of the people, while Muslim has relationships with people and thus expectations and yearnings from people while does also rely on Allah. This is their major difference, hence a large gap.

So Muslim might struggle to make people safe from his evil, but Mu’min is at a statioinary Maqam (Rank) which people find safety with him.

This Rahi (Author) found many instances of ancient Muslims’ writings who were not able to and refused to call themselves a Mu’min, and that word was reserved for special very few, and they all considered themselves as Muslims i.e. at lower ranks. Some said to call one’s Self Mu’min is an arrogant conduct!


© 2016-2002,  Dara O Shayda




Tajalli (Lucent Manifestation): Modern Experience

Tajalli (Lucent Manifestation)

See Also:




جلو  جلى

to be or become clear, plain, distinct, manifest, patent, evident, obvious, unequivocal, explicit; to manifest itself, reveal itself, come out, come to light, show, appear, surface, emerge; to be revealed; to be manifested.

Example usages in the language of Arab:

The bride debuted.

The sword brandished (scintillated).

The sky cleared (no cloud or fog).

The man balded (scalp clear in view).




The origin of Jalu/Jala is the uncovering of what becomes patent and most clear.

مفردات ألفاظ القرآن. – للأصفهاني
كتاب الجيم
-أصل الجلو: الكشف الظاهر، يقال: أجليت القوم عن منازلهم فجلوا عنها. أي: أبرزتهم عنها، ويقال: جلاه، نحو قول الشاعر:
95 – فلما جلاها بالأيام تحيزت * ثبات عليها ذلها واكتئابها
(البيت لأبي ذؤيب الهذلي، وهو في ديوان الهذليين 1/79؛ والمجمل 1/193)
وقال الله عز وجل: {ولولا أن كتب الله عليهم الجلاء لعذبهم في الدنيا} <الحشر/3>، ومنه: جلا لي خبر، وخبر جلي، وقياس جلي (يسمى قياس العلة، وهو ما كانت العلة موجبة فيه للحكم، كقياس الضرب على التأفيف للوالدين في التحريم لعلة الإيذاء راجع شرح الورقات للمحلي ص 20)، ولم يسمع فيه جال. وجلوت العروس جلوة، وجلوت السيف جلاء، والسماء جلواء أي: مصحية، ورجل أجلى: انكشف بعض رأسه عن الشعر، والتجلي قد يكون بالذات نحو: {والنهار إذا تجلى} <الليل/2>، وقد يكون بالأمر والفعل، نحو: {فلما تجلى ربه للجبل} <الأعراف/143>. وقيل: فلان ابن جلا (اللسان: جلا) أي: مشهور، وأجلوا عن قتيل إجلاء.


All usages in Qur’an:

91:3. Wa the day as it reveals the world

وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا جَلَّاهَا


7:187. THEY WILL ASK YOU [O Prophet] about the Last Hour: “When will it come to pass?” Say: “Verily, knowledge thereof rests with my Sustainer alone. None but IT/He will reveal it in its time.

يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ السَّاعَةِ أَيَّانَ مُرْسَاهَا قُلْ إِنَّمَا عِلْمُهَا عِندَ رَبِّي لاَ يُجَلِّيهَا لِوَقْتِهَا


92:2. Wa the day as it rises bright!

وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا تَجَلَّى


This is the particular usage of interest in spiritual sense:

7:143. … And as soon as his Sustainer revealed ITs/His glory to the mountain, caused it to crumble to dust; and Moses fell down in a swoon.

فَلَمَّا تَجَلَّى رَبُّهُ لِلْجَبَلِ جَعَلَهُ دَكًّا وَخَرَّ موسَى صَعِقًا


ITs veil is light; if uncovered shall char any eye grasping the Flares of ITs Divine Face”, said the Prophet peace be upon him.

Flares of ITs Divine Face: Extreme beauty that can no eye behold!

This act of uncovering is called Tajalli (Lucent Manifestation).
النهاية في غريب الحديث والأثر.  – للإمام ابن الأثير
المجلد الثاني >> حرف السين >> باب السين مع الباء

وفي حديث آخر <حجابُه النورُ أو النارُ، لو كَشَفَه لأحْرقَت سُبُحاتُ وجْهه كُلَّ شىء أدْرَكه بصره> سُبُحات الوجْه: محاسِنُه، لأنك إذَا رأَيت الحَسَنَ الوجْهِ. قُلْت: سْبحان اللّه. وقيل معناَه تنْزيه له: أي سُبْحان وجهه. وقيل: إن سُبُحات وجهه كلامٌ معتَرَضٌ بين الفعل والمَفْعُول: أي لو كشَفها لأحْرقَت كُلَّ شىء أدرَكه بَصَره، فكأَنه قال: لأحْرقت سُبُحات اللّه كل شىء أبصره، كما تقول: لو دَخَل المَلكُ البلدَ لقتل والعياذُ باللّه كُلَّ من فيه. وأقربُ من هذا كُلّه أن المعنَى: لو انْكَشف من أنوار اللّه التي تَحْجب العِبادَ عنه شىءٌ لأهْلَكَ كلَّ من وقَع عليه ذلك النُّور، كما خَرَّ موسى عليه السلام صَعِقاً، وتقطَّع الجبلُ دّكاً لمَّا تَجلَّى اللّهُ سُبْحانه وتعالى.


Since directly facing ITs Lucent Beauty chars the cosmos, from ITs boundless Mercy another form of nonlethal Tajalli (Lucent Manifestation) was offered as a gift for all eyes, believing or unbelieving:

All praise and adoration for that which (Allah) made manifestation  (Tajalli) for ITs creation by means of ITs creation!

Quoted from someone not sure about the name.
سِيَرُ أَعْلاَمِ النُّبَلاَءِ، الإصدار 2.02 – للإمام الذَّهبي
المُجَلَّدُ الحَادِي عَشَرَ >> [تابع: تَتِمَّةُ الطَّبَقَةِ الثَّانِيَةَ عَشْرَةَ] >> 98 – هِشَامُ بنُ عَمَّارِ بنِ نُصَيْرِ بنِ مَيْسَرَةَ بنِ أَبَانٍ (خ، 4)

قُلْتُ: أَمَّا قَوْلُ الإِمَامِ فِيْهِ: طَيَّاشٌ، فَلأَنَّهُ بَلَغَهُ عَنْهُ أَنَّهُ قَالَ فِي خُطبَتِهِ: الحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي تَجَلَّى لِخَلْقِهِ بِخَلْقِهِ.


What the Sufis called Tajalli is a form of making Allah manifest by the very creation and its engineering all around us.

Irfan(Noesis) 1:

The fact that we do not see the Creator is due  to ITs Tajalli!

Ibn Abbas said about this verse:

6:103. No vision can grasp IT/Him

لاَّ تُدْرِكُهُ الأَبْصَارُ

“This is ITs true Light, if made Tajalli for something, nothing of it will survive”.
قصص الأنبياء، الإصدار 1.01 – للإمام ابن كثير
الجزء الثاني >> ذكر قصّة موسى الكليم عليه الصلاة والتسليم >> سؤال الرؤية

وقال ابن عباس في قوله تعالى: {لا تُدْرِكُهُ الأَبْصَارُ}. ذاك نوره الذي هو نوره، إذا تجلى لشيء لا يقوم له شيء.

The atheist feels the absence and thus bewildered, the unbeliever disbelieved, but little they suspect that their feel for the lack of the Divine Presence is again a modality of the Divine Presence when the Subuhat (Flares of the Divine Beauty) have charred all eyes, and they are left eyeless without a stare.

Irfan(Noesis) 2:

Tajalli is act of debuting an entity, displayed never before, as though under a light to show everyone: Behold and bedazzled!


Examples in Modern Experience and Thought

Evolutionary Radiation

Perhaps the most familiar example of an evolutionary radiation is that of placental mammals immediately after the extinction of the dinosaurs at the end of the Cretaceous, about 66 million years ago. At that time, the placental mammals were mostly small, insect-eating animals similar in size and shape to modern shrews. By the Eocene (58–37 million years ago), they had evolved into such diverse forms as bats, whales, and horses.


Mammals, Birds and Flowers were debuted on the stage of the earth, and they were as though radiated throughout  the planet like an inescapable flash of a powerful light source.

They were not there a cosmic moment before, then they appeared grazing and flying and blooming. They were in darknesses of Non-Being (‘Adam) and light uncovered them from the darknesses and made them patent and clear for eyes to see i.e. alive.

Call these Organic Tajalli or Botanical Tajalli:

24:35. Allah is the light of heavens and earth… like a radiant star:  [a lamp] lit from a blessed tree – an olive-tree

اللَّهُ نُورُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ

كَأَنَّهَا كَوْكَبٌ دُرِّيٌّ يُوقَدُ مِن شَجَرَةٍ مُّبَارَكَةٍ زَيْتُونِةٍ

Think of Botanical Light, Organic Light, irradiating the cosmos with life.

Ironically Nur in the language of Arab also means flowers:
لسان العرب
والنَّوْرُ والنَّوْرَةُ، جميعاً: الزَّهْر، وقيل: النَّوْرُ الأَبيض والزهر الأَصفر وذلك أَنه يبيضُّ ثم يصفر، وجمع النَّوْر أَنوارٌ.
والنُّوّارُ، بالضم والتشديد: كالنَّوْرِ، واحدته نُوَّارَةٌ، وقد نَوَّرَ الشجرُ والنبات. الليث: النَّوْرُ نَوْرُ الشجر، والفعل التَّنْوِيرُ، وتَنْوِير الشجرة إِزهارها. وفي حديث خزيمة: لما نزل تحت الشجرة أَنْوَرَتْ أَي حسنت خضرتها، من الإِنارة، وقيل: إِنها أَطْلَعَتْ نَوْرَها، وهو زهرها.
يقال: نَوَّرَتِ الشجرةُ وأَنارَتْ، فأَما أَنورت فعلى الأَصل؛ وقد سَمَّى خِنْدِفُ بنُ زيادٍ الزبيريُّ إِدراك الزرع تَنْوِيراً فقال:
سامى طعامَ الحَيِّ حتى نَوَّرَا
وجَمَعَه عَدِيّ بن زيد فقال:
وذي تَناوِيرَ مَمْعُونٍ، له صَبَحٌ        يَغْـذُو أَوَابِـدَ قـد أَفْـلَـيْنَ أَمْـهــارَا
والنُّورُ: حُسْنُ النبات وطوله، وجمعه نِوَرَةٌ. ونَوَّرَتِ الشجرة وأَنارت أَيضاً أَي أَخرجت نَوْرَها. وأَنار النبتُ وأَنْوَرَ: ظَهَرَ وحَسُنَ. والأَنْوَرُ: الظاهر الحُسْنِ؛ ومنه صفته، صلي الله عليه وسلم: كان أَنْوَرَ المُتَجَرَّدِ.

Irfan(Noesis) 3:

Allah’s Botanical Organic Light irradiated the cosmos and life spread like blooming shafts of light from the Singleton Luminous Source Al-Hayy (The Ever-Living).

Thus Allah makes Tajalli, to show ITself to all eyes, yet no eyes could withstand ITs beauty, however Tajalli offered as a Divine Gift to allow us a second-hand glimpse of That Most Beautiful One, like unto viewing a reflection in a mirror, the direct view occluded but the reflection is view-able.


Irfan(Noesis) 4:

Tajalli is copious.



© 2016-2002,  Dara O Shayda



Anthropomorphism: Whisperer’s response

Salaam & Whisper wrote:
2. I have always wondered about the Hadith “kunto kanzan makhfian …” and tried to look some Hadith references where it is narrated. I do not know its origin as a reliable Hadith. I will appreciate if someone shares this knowledge.
3. Same for the Hadith that says: man arafah nafsohu fqad arafa rabbohu. I would appreciate knowing its standing as a reliable Hadith.

They are not established, with 100% assurance , that they are the sayings of the Prophet peace be upon him. Nor are many other statements you are being told are 100% from the Prophet. All and all, they are subject to the same rules of probabilities. So these two sayings are questioned by some to be of Prophetic origins.

Whisper worte:
4. When Allah talks about Himself to men, for example calling Itself a light, or referring to His appearance to Moses, or refering to Its Hands etc. In my very humble and admittedly very limited understanding, that description too, as a matter of contextual necessity, has an element of Anthropomorphism. Quran in my understanding refers to this possibility by declaring: latha kmislehi sha’an. In this situation all declarations about Allah become Anthropomorphic because of the contextual limitations that are necessarily present for all such declarations.

My meaning was:

Anthropomorphism of Allah by Allah is the Truth, Anthropomorphism of Allah by human beings is falsehood.

Anthropomorphism of Allah by Allah is the Haqiqa i.e. the Reality of how Allah is understood by us and others in cosmos, it is the way our minds work and our language formalizes and expresses.



Anthropomorphism: The other way around

Grant wrote:

“…perhaps there is an antithesis to anthropomorphising Allah in the hadith of the Hidden Treasure, which happens to be the favourite of this artefact/human self and its Nafs.”

My point was not Allah making Anthropomorphising statements about ITSelf (HimSelf) e.g. the Hidden Treasure hadith, but about we Anthropomorphising Allah!

What you referred to is the other way around, indeed Allah does Tajalli (Lucent Manifestation) any which Allah likes to e.g. Allah spoke to Moses through the Manifestation of a burning tree.

Allah calls ITSelf  The Light emitting from a lantern from an alcove. Allah calls ITSelf Al-Ala or Lofty High in altitude.

Wrong thoughts are those when we Anthropomorphise Allah by projecting our personal feelings and judgements, specially about others.






Ishara (Pointing) vs. Interpretation


Imagine the subject matter of moon.

Imagine there is a textual book. In there you read about a disk like shape in the skies, is white and has lots of shallow pot-holes.

You read this textual verbiage and then look at skies searching for such entity matching this particular textual reference. During the day you find nothing, during some evenings you find something that matches that text.

The latter is Interpretation, you match the text to something out there in the world.

The other way around:

Imagine you saw the moon and you know somethings about its shape, motion, luminosity and so on.

Imagine considering this empirical knowledge and then reading a textual book and trying to find phrases in the book that somehow somewhat closely match the observed knowledge about the moon.

The latter is called Ishara, you match something observed out in the world to a text.

Interpretation is when the text points at an entity, Ishara (Pointing) is when an entity points at a text.

Most religious people read the spiritual texts and point at the world and match the text to the world. It works often, but more than often gives a very narrow view that guides to Dark Ages, in the European sense of the word and experience.

Sufis study and observe the nature, they match the observations to the spiritual text, see where and how the observations match the words best. Upon a match they say: Moon points at the words or makes Ishara (Points) at the Divine Words.

Ishara is a constant source of enlightenment with little risk to approach the Dark Ages.

Problem with Interpretation

It happens that some night the moon is not full, it is a mere crescent. If the religious person matches the text to the world, then says that there is no moon that night, he disbelieves in the crescent being the moon. Since there is no match between the exact words and the crescent.

Sufi matches the crescent to the textual words and sees that it is somewhat disk-like and has the shallow pot-holes, therefore crescent might also match the text as does the full moon. He does not disbelieve that crescent is the moon!


Ishāri (Vectorial) Tafsir (Exegesis)

Sufis had adopted an indirect technique to elucidate the Divine Words free of direct verbal explanations, and its origin can be traced to Maryam Virgin Mother of Jesus peace be upon them both:

19:29. Fa (Therefore) She Ishārat (Pointed) at he  (the newborn father-less Prophet when was questioned about the baby).

فَأَشَارَتْ إِلَيْهِ

Remark: Fa is used as a subsequent event caused by something earlier, something amazing happened to Mary, and the only action she could take to express anything about it was by pointing. Removal of Fa removes the entanglement with the past event and therefore lack of Ishara.

And again:

3:45 Behold! the angels said: “O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Kalima (Word) from Hu: his name Christ Jesus, the son of Mary

إِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَا مَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُبَشِّرُكِ بِكَلِمَةٍ مِنْهُ اسْمُهُ الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ

Putting the two together: Mary pointed at the Divine Word without herself explaining anything, the act of pointing brought about the explanation, indirectly, from the Divine Source not from Mary.

If you see something perplexing and extraordinary in the sky, you hurriedly point at it and at most you might utter: Look! or That! or There! While, at loss with words, your hand and pointing-finger stretches towards the fascinating object. The latter is the nature of Ishāri (Vectorial) Tafsir (Exegesis).

In absence of such gripping astonishment there is no ‘pointing’ and thus no Ishāri (Vectorial) Tafsir (Exegesis)!

Remark: As a physicist or engineer writes equations and numbers that express the structure of the world we live in, the breathing processes and the sounds/phonemes of our speech can also be used to describe the nature of the universe and its creation! The former is ‘equational’ while the latter is homomorphic i.e. like an acoustic projection rendering same-ness of structures free of equations.


Man and Spirituality: Comment 1

This is one of my comments to a recent write up by Dr. Choudhary.

In his writing, attempting to build a formal system, an axiomatic one trying to explain the nature of man and his spirituality he formed the phrase:

Axiom 1. Man exists as an entity in the universe.

This is quite important, because we assume we exist, it is a self-aware feeling, but he is talking outside of our Selves, man is an entity as is moon or a molecule of hydrogen billions of light years away.

To this I like to propose to add, the term amplitude:

Man exists as an entity with amplitude in the universe.

Meaning entities exist in the universe with different amounts of amplitude! There are gradations of strength of existence for entities in our universe.

Example: An electron could exist for billions of years, photons similarly, but we as humans last only a few decades!

I might be bold and re-write my version of Dr. Choudhary’s Axiom:

Man amplitudes as an entity in the universe.

Make amplitude into a verb, amplitudes as in does have some amplitude.

Allah’s existence has infinite or absolute (Mutlaq) amplitude. All else finite and vitiated in amplitude.


Bismillahi vs. Billahi

Salaam Shakir, you had asked for the difference between Billahi and Bismillahi:

Research source: Ma’ani Al-Huruf by Rommani

Remark: This is a short memorandum to address the difference but a more detailed treatise could be written if there is interest. The research is quite involved and requires much effort to present.

A. Ba sound in Billahi indicates a Qasam (Oath)

B. Ba sound Bismillahi is a declaration of commencement a form of Dhikr (Remembrance)

The two differ significantly.

Qasam (Oath) is uttered when the speaker needs to render the veracity of a statement made by him i.e. immense personal belief in that statement (‘Aqida firm belief), and do so by mention of another statement which is held dear/noble/true by the listener or by himself e.g. On my children’s soul!

Therefore Billahi is a Qasam (Oath) you use it when you want to tell me convince me something you believe 100% or something you will do or did for real, and you mention Allah’s name after the Ba sound, then I know you are telling the truth.

On the other hand, Bismi is a standing phrase the Arab used to commence an offering e.g. offer something to a noble or idol by using Ba sound to commence the offering juxtaposing the name of the noble or idol after Ba sound, so he would say Bismi so and so I offer  this sacrifice… commencing slaughtering the animal  or bring some gift closer and so on.

Since the advent of the Prophethood of Muhammad peace be upon him, the term is almost exclusively used for Allah’s names in particular Rahman and Rahim, thus no idols or nobles names allowed.





Categoreal Scheme vs. Axiomatic

Salaam to Dr. Choudhary and David and everyone

Axioms are used with a set of systemic objects e.g. predicates Booleans and inferences to compose larger and larger statements from smaller atomic finite set of Axioms, the latter as smallest atomic unit of truth. And then focus on examining if these larger and more complex statements are true or false.

Alfred North Whitehead studied the history of European philosophy, its achievements and failures, and endeavoured to replace the concept of axioms with something else, that did not require to be true or false.

Example in our times is the axiomatized theory of Evolution. It is now known the processes of evolution shaped life, therefore the theory of Evolution is proved to be correct. However it is also well known that not all processes of life were evolved, and there is a problem! The latter means theory of Evolution is  incorrect and therefore false i.e. disproved!

Then the proponents of theory of Evolution argue by all means possible, at times on thin ice, to refute the lack of evolved processes in life, to make sure the axiomatic theory of Evolution is 100% intact insofar as 100% truth, thus we plunge into classical European failure of philosophical thought which we all know as Dark Ages.

Categoreal Scheme does not require atomic statements i.e. axioms to be either true or false.

Categoreal Scheme provides a blueprint, for some entity, to be described in most general possible forms and ways.

An actual entity is then the instantiation of a particular category, which describes quite well to some gradation of competence.

The thinker of Categoreal Schemerestricts‘ the thoughts to the encapsulated blueprint within the category and investigates which actual entities fit the blueprint of the category and which do not, as opposed to verify truth and veracity of statements.

Restriction of thoughts are then accompanied by imaginative leap which are something other than thoughts and rational, and thus imagine to expand the boundaries of mentation limited by the restriction of thoughts to the blueprint of the category.

Example: Category of Car:

i. Self-propelled

ii. Contains the energy for motion

iii. Has cavity and openings (doors) to carry load

iv. Roves on particular devices pressing against the ground (wheels)

Car is not true or false! Its blueprints are not concerned about truth.

However if we restrict our thoughts to this Category of Car we quickly notice that there are many instantiations of this category e.g. GMC truck, BMW and so on.

And yet we also discover that there are entities that do not exactly instatiate the category of car e.g. motorcycle or sail-boat. We need to find those misfits other Categoreal Schemes. Motorcycle or sail-boat does not make Category of Car false! BMW does not make the Category of Car true!

Example: Category of Evolution:

i. Every organism has a predecessor

ii. Every organism mutates to a new version slightly different

iii. Every organism mutates innovations due to environmental pressures

iv. Every organism loses innovations of iii if no longer required

v. ii – iv are gradual

We restrict our thoughts to viruses and clearly see them as instantiation of Category of Evolution. There is no truth or falsehood about the Category itself or about the virus, it is about instantiation and fitting the blueprint.

We loosen up the restrictions of our thoughts to plants and birds and see clearly that that they are instantiation of Category of Evolution.

However there is no truth or falsehood about any of it, God included. Category of Evolution does not make Category of God false, and vice-a-versa.

Then we restrict our thoughts to flowering plants and we find out that flowers do not fit the blueprint of the Category of Evolution!

This lack of instantiation does not have any truth or falsehood about the Category of Evolution. Perhaps flowering plants require a new Categoreal Scheme to fit better blueprints.

Imagination: Categoreal Scheme is free of meaning and application if the restriction of thoughts to its blueprint is not billowed at by the torrents of imagination! It is the very tumults of an imaginative mind that fuels the meaning and progress of Categoreal Scheme.

Alfred North Whitehead, may his voyage be eased and beautiful, innovated/promoted Categoreal Scheme to do away with absurd fallacies and even more absurd proofs! Hence Dark Ages which is upon us in so called modern times.




Reply to Shakir on Qidam: Earth


Shakir had asked:

2. What could be the wisdom to place us in this marvelous planet earth? We could still be staying in Qidam, loving Allah or other than Allah being in there! Why this short life span upon this planet?


Shakir the answer to this question is right on your body: hold your arms out! These are the arms/hands of a predator, focused on with two frontal looking eyes again suitable for predation. We are born to be killers:


2:30 AND LO!  Thy Sustainer said unto the angels: “Behold, I am about to establish upon earth one who shall inherit it.”They said: “Wilt Thou place on it such as will spread corruption thereon and shed blood

وَإِذْ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلاَئِكَةِ إِنِّي جَاعِلٌ فِي الأَرْضِ خَلِيفَةً قَالُواْ أَتَجْعَلُ فِيهَا مَن يُفْسِدُ فِيهَا وَيَسْفِكُ الدِّمَاء


Therefore we are placed here on this earth to decay to evanesce, so all that is NOT-YOU shall decay i.e. carnal parts of the body and corrupted mental proclivities to evil:

55:26 All that lives on her (Earth) is evanescent

كُلُّ مَنْ عَلَيْهَا فَانٍ

For that matter why the life on this earth is so short; we cocoon here twice; once in mother’s womb, and once in our graves to pass twice through the singularity of death, to finally appear in the other realm so that all that was NOT-YOU is left behind on this planet! What passes through the singularity of death is then only YOU, the spiritual ancient phototropic being from the habitat of Qidam.





Reply to Shakir on Qidam

Salaam Shakir

You wrote earlier:

1 . Are we going back to Qidam again?
In other words , are Qidam, Akhirah, Azal the same terms?

Per Nasafi’s writings, there are only 2 realms, spiritual realm (Malakut) and this world (Mulk). Qidam, Akhirah, Azal are the same, however the way we voyage causes discernment. Different people, different experiences might cause different views.

To understand their sameness we could rely on the grammar of the Qur’an to investigate :

This verse is about future, Akhira, the Hereafter, the other world, notice “Allah SAID to Jesus”, in past tense!

5:116 And Allah SAID: O Jesus, son of Mary! Did you say to men, `Worship me and my mother as deities beside God’?” [Jesus] answered: “Limitless art Thou in Thy glory! It would not have been possible for me to say what I had no right to [say]! Had I said this, Thou wouldst indeed have known it! Thou knowest all that is within myself, whereas I know not what is in Thy Self. Verily, it is Thou alone who fully knowest all the things that are beyond the reach of a created being’s perception.

وَإِذْ قَالَ اللّهُ يَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ أَأَنتَ قُلتَ لِلنَّاسِ اتَّخِذُونِي وَأُمِّيَ إِلَـهَيْنِ مِن دُونِ اللّهِ قَالَ سُبْحَانَكَ مَا يَكُونُ لِي أَنْ أَقُولَ مَا لَيْسَ لِي بِحَقٍّ إِن كُنتُ قُلْتُهُ فَقَدْ عَلِمْتَهُ تَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِي وَلاَ أَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِكَ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ عَلاَّمُ الْغُيُوبِ

Akhira and Qidam in past tense…

What does that mean? Past tense is free of potentialities, it is free of probabilities, it happened a certain way and finished that one way. Any realm free of potentiality and probability therefore has the texture of experience of past tense! Akhira has no potentialities, therefore it has the feel of past tense, while it is still the future for us now.