Hadith (Prophetic Narration) for the painter (Musawwir):
Most intense punishment, in the Day of Judgement, for the man who misguides the people without having any knowledge, or a painter who paints pictures (Tamaathil, تَمَاثِيلَ)
زيادة الجامع الصغير، والدرر المنتثرة، – للإمام السيوطي
كتاب “زيادة الجامع الصغير”، للسيوطي >> حرف الهمزة
789- أشد الناس عذابا يوم القيامة رجل قتل نبيا أو قتله نبي أو رجل يضل الناس بغير علم أو مصور يصور التماثيل.
(حم) عن ابن مسعود
At the first glance reading this Arabic phrase, the unread person believes that the Prophet forbade painting.
This inference is voided by one verse in Qur’an and adumbrated by another verse, pay attention to verbiage Tamaathil(تَمَاثِيلَ):
In this verse Abraham (peace be upon) asks his people why are they so devoted to images they have chosen to worship, ‘images’ (or sculptures) here is the Arabic word Tamaathil(تَمَاثِيلَ). Therefore one could correctly infer that images dedicated for worship are not allowed:
21:52 Behold! he said to his father and his people, “What are these images (Tamaathil,تَمَاثِيلَ), to which ye are (so assiduously) devoted?”
إِذْ قَالَ لأَبِيهِ وَقَوْمِهِ مَا هَـٰذِهِ ٱلتَّمَاثِيلُ ٱلَّتِيۤ أَنتُمْ لَهَا عَاكِفُونَ
However in the following verse, a cultivating society depicted of those craftsmen and artists who worked for Prophet Solaiman (peace be upon him), and some of these artists were drawing images (or sculpting) (Tamaathil,تَمَاثِيلَ) :
34:13 They worked for him as he desired, (making) arches, images (Tamaathil,تَمَاثِيلَ), basons as large as reservoirs, and (cooking) cauldrons fixed (in their places): “Work ye, sons of David, with thanks! but few of My servants are grateful!”
يَعْمَلُونَ لَهُ مَا يَشَآءُ مِن مَّحَارِيبَ وَتَمَاثِيلَ وَجِفَانٍ كَٱلْجَوَابِ وَقُدُورٍ رَّاسِيَاتٍ ٱعْمَلُوۤاْ آلَ دَاوُودَ شُكْراً وَقَلِيلٌ مِّنْ عِبَادِيَ ٱلشَّكُورُ
The ignorant amongst the Muslims, who has no knowledge, misguides people by telling them to stay away from images and photographs and designs of any nature and applications, and his torment will be the most intense in the Day of Judgment as first Hadith indicates.
The intelligent learned Muslim uses the images of any form or fashion whether as art or as educational tool or for engineering or scientific purposes, for betterment of humanity. And if the Muslim becomes ignorant and stupid, please remind him or her:
34:13 . “but few of My servants are grateful!”